What’s so special about the World’s Famous Ancient Structures? During the Neolithic Age, a period that lasted from around 9,000 BCE to 3,000 BCE, the world looked dramatically different. With the gradual development of agriculture, formerly nomadic societies began to settle, and temporary encampments gave way to permanent homes and buildings carved into bedrock and erected from massive stones.
Into the rock, these ancient peoples carved their fears, hopes, and dreams: They left behind both mysterious, indecipherable pictograms and stunningly clear animal reliefs. They raised the world’s first megaliths, enormous rock monuments that stood watch over religious ceremonies and burials. These represent the world’s oldest and famous ancient structures.
And they made homes, honeycomb-pattern mazes and wide-open temples, underground tombs, and lofty daises for ceremonies and sacrifices. The structures are as different as the peoples who made them. They span the globe, appearing everywhere from Turkey and Malta to France and Peru.
1. Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is among the world’s famous ancient structures. Great Wall is the collective name of a series of fortification systems generally built across the historical northern borders of China to protect and consolidate territories of Chinese states and empires against various nomadic groups of the steppe and their polities. Several walls were being built from as early as the 7th century BC by ancient Chinese states, the first Emperor of China. Little of the Qin wall remains. Later on, many successive dynasties have built and maintained multiple stretches of border walls.
Apart from defense, other purposes of the Great Wall have included border controls, allowing the imposition of duties on goods transported along the Silk Road, regulation or encouragement of trade and the control of immigration and emigration. Furthermore, the defensive characteristics of the Great Wall were enhanced by the construction of watchtowers, troop barracks, garrison stations, signaling capabilities through the means of smoke or fire, and the fact that the path of the Great Wall also served as a transportation corridor.