Before checking the list of most infrastructural countries in the world, you need to understand what infrastructure means as the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other areas, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function, Infrastructure is composed of public and private physical improvements such as roads, railways, bridges, tunnels, water supply, sewers, electrical grids, and telecommunications (including Internet connectivity and broadband speeds). In general, it has also been defined as “the physical components of interrelated systems providing commodities and services essential to enable, sustain, or enhance societal living conditions.
Well-developed infrastructure is critical to the strength of a country’s economy. Effective transport, power, and communications networks create the conditions under which businesses grow and the wider economy functions effectively.
1. Hong Kong
Hong Kong has a superb infrastructure and was ranked among most infrastructural countries in the world, which meets its population’s needs and contributes to the efficiency and growth of the economy. Hong Kong has an advanced land, sea, and air transport and communications system, including 1,831 kilometers (1,138 miles) of paved roads (1997 est.) and 34 kilometers (21 miles) of electrified railways (1996 est.). The railway system is one of the most efficient systems of the world and is connected to Chinese railways via the Kowloon peninsula. The construction of 3 new lines was begun in 1998. In 2000, the Hong Kong government hinted at a huge project to construct 6 more lines to facilitate (make easier) rail traffic between Hong Kong Island and the rest of the territory and also to improve freight links with mainland China to meet the expected future needs.
Hong Kong’s land transportation services are very efficient. To decrease the level of air pollution, its government encourages the use of public transportation
Singapore has the best infrastructure among the world’s top cities. This is according to the 2012 Mercer Quality of Living study, which separately ranked global cities with the best infrastructure for the first time this year.
The addendum to the main Mercer survey, entitled “City Infrastructure Ranking 2012”, ranked a total of 221 cities based on key criteria. These include measures of electricity, water availability, info-communications network, public transport system, traffic congestion, and airport effectiveness.
Climate proofing of infrastructure is about making infrastructure more flexible and resilient and reducing the vulnerability to climate extremes by compartmentalizing and redundancy.
Flexibility means that adjustments to infrastructure can easily be made to adapt to climate change. An example is coastal flood protection through beach nourishment. Resilient means that negative consequences of climate extremes can be restored easily, such as electricity connections after a storm. Compartmentalising is about making compartments with respect to a threat such that a disaster is limited to a certain area. An example is the system of diked areas in The Netherlands. Infrastructure is redundant when there are spare facilities that compensate for the failure of other infrastructures, such as water reservoirs in the urban environment that store the water of heavy downpour that the sewage system cannot cope with.
4. United Arab Emirates
Infrastructure in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) The UAE has the most advanced and developed infrastructure in the region. From roads to airports to telecommunications, the UAE is home to world-class facilities that have supported economic growth and enabled the development of business.
Etihad Rail will cover a network of approximately 1,200 km of track stretching across the Emirates and is expected to cost $11bn to construct.
Japan has a very advanced and well-maintained infrastructure, which undergoes regular upgrading and expansion. Both the private and public sectors undertake various infrastructural projects and operate their respective services.
Japan has a very extensive and modern road network. It consists of 1,152,207 kilometers (715,981 miles) of highways, of which 863,003 kilometers (536,270 miles) are paved. They include 6,114 kilometers (3,799 miles) of expressways. The number of motor vehicles increased from 70,106,536 in 1995 to 73,688,389 in 1999. Major development projects to expand the Japanese highway network include a $32-billion project for the construction of a second Tomei-Meishin Expressway, connecting Tokyo and Kobe via Nagoya. The length of Japan’s railways is 23,670 kilometers (14,708 miles), more than half of which is electrified. Japan is famous for its high-speed trains.